Friday, December 29, 2017

Some special ingredients of Skin Care


Hello bello, amazing people! How are you doing today? Enjoying this beautiful Fri-yay? Today, I will write some special ingredients of skin care. So, let's get started: 


Antioxidants 

The antioxidants used in cosmetics are derived from certain vitamins, mainly A, C and E, which form part of the body's natural defense and balance system. Antioxidants are thought to protect the skin by attaching themselves to free radicals, minimizing the harm they do to the skin. These additives may help the skin repair systems, but hard scientific evidence for this is limited. 

D-Panthenol 

This substance is readily converted into vitamin B5, which has been shown to help the skin to repair damage.

Vitamin E

This is commonly included in cosmetics. It may help to reduce the effects of free radicals formed from sun damage. 

Pro-Vitamin A 

This is another antioxidant that may help to reduce the effects of free radicals. 

Hyaluronic Acid 

This natural moisturizer forms part of the tissue that surrounds the collagen and elastin fibers. As we age, we produce less hyaluronic acid in our skin, which becomes less resilient and pliable. Hyaluronic Acid is often added to moisturizers. 

Ceramides 

These are lipids that help to prevent moisture loss through the skin. They assist the skin in its function as an efficient barrier. 

Retinoic Acid 

This is derivative of Vitamin A which was originally prescribed in high doses for the treatment of acne. It does refine the skin, increase collagen production and reduce wrinkles, but it can have unpleasant side-effects such as extreme sensitivity to sunlight, with increased reddening of the skin and peeling. It is available on prescription from a dermatologist for severe sun damage. Well-formulated cosmetics may contain moderates and harmless amounts of retinoic acid derivatives, which at these levels have some hydrating effects. 

Liposomes 

Liposomes are tiny, hollow spheres of lipids (fats), which are filled with active ingredients. They are designed as a transportation system to carry these ingredients to the places where the skin needs them. Liposome spheres are smaller than skin cells, therefore ingredients held inside them can be delivered with great accuracy into the skin and released precisely as needed. 

Nanospheres 

These are smaller versions of liposomes. Because of their smaller size, they are supposed to penetrate deeper into the skin.

Skin Myth 

Many cosmetic creams have an anti-aging effect because they contain the proteins collagen andlor elastin.

Fact: Collagen forms fibers in the dermis which give the skin structural support, provide strength, and allow the skin to stretch and contract. Elastin is the protein that binds the collagen bundles together. Despite the name, we do not know whether elastin is actually responsible for the skin's elasticity. When applied to the skin, these creams do not have much effect on the changes in appearance due to natural aging. They do have humectant properties, however, plumping out the skin with retained moisture. 


The world of Skin Care by Dr John Gray page (107)


This entire blog post is from The World of Skin Care book by Dr John Gray. The page number(s) is mentioned above. Thank you!


I hope that you guys enjoyed reading this! See you 'write to you' next Fri-yay! 

Khadija

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